Email: danjie.su (at) ucla.edu

Publications 

JOURNAL ARTICLES:

Su, Danjie. 2017. Significance as a lens: Understanding the Mandarin ba construction through Discourse Adjacent Alternation, Journal of Pragmatics 117. 204–230. 

[PDF ISSN 0378-2166, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2017.06.019. 

 

Su, Danjie. 2017. Semantics and chunking in written and conversational discourses: A corpus study of two near-synonymous words in MandarinChinese Language and Discourse 8(1). 5194.

doi: 10.1075/cld.8.1.03su

 

Lee, Heeju, Danjie Su, & Hongyin Tao. 2017. A crosslinguistic study of some extended uses of what-based interrogative expressions in Chinese, English, and Korean, Chinese Language and Discourse 8(2). 137–174.

 

Su, Danjie. 2016. Grammar emerges through reuse and modification of prior utterancesDiscourse Studies 18(3). 330353. 

[PDFDOI: 10.1177/1461445616634551

 

Su, Danjie & Hongyin Tao. 2014. Using authentic materials in teaching spoken language and material developmentGuoji Hanyu [World Chinese Language Journal], 3. 105112.

 

Peng, Gang, Diana Deutsch, Trevor Henthorn, Danjie Su & William S-Y. Wang. 2013. Language experience influences non-linguistic pitch perception. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 41(2). 447–467.

 

Su, Danjie. 2012. Construction as a chain of chunks: Theoretical framework of the Construction-Chunking Approach. Yuyan Kexue [Linguistic Sciences], 58(3). 241–253.

 

Su, Danjie. 2012. Rethinking the jianyu sentence patterns in Mandarin: Insight from the Construction-Chunking Approach. Yuyan Yanjiu [Studies in Language and Linguistics], 32(2). 100–107.

 

Su, Danjie. 2012. Chunks as a pivotal unit between constructions and words: The case of “V qǐ NP lái” patterns in Mandarin. Journal of Sun Yat-sen University (Social Science Edition), 52(1). 69–77.

 

Su, Danjie. 2012. Vocabulary explanation in Chinese pedagogical lexicography. Guoji Hanyu [World Chinese Language Journal], 2. 110–117.

 

Su, Danjie. 2011. The essence of the Construction-Chunking Approach: An empirical study on teaching the Chinese jiānyǔ sentence patterns. Yuyan Jiaoxue Yu Yanjiu [Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies], 148(2). 16–22.

 

Su, Danjie. 2011. International cooperation in compiling Chinese teaching materials. Guoji Hanyu [World Chinese Language Journal], 1. 99–103. 

 

Su, Danjie & Jianming Lu. 2010. The Construction-Chunking Approach for syntactic analysis and second language teaching. Shijie Hanyu Jiaoxue [Journal of Chinese Teaching in the World], 24(4). 557–567.

 

Su, Danjie. 2010. A survey study on teaching vocabulary in intermediate Chinese listening class. Journal of Yunan Normal University (Edition of Research on Teaching Chinese as a Second Language), 45(4). 6–12. 

 

Su, Danjie. 2010. On the Construction-Chunking Approach: An experimental study on teaching Chinese existential sentence patterns. Hanyu Xuexi [Journal of Learning Chinese Language as a Second Language], 176(2). 83–90.

 
BOOK CHAPTERS:
 

Su, Danjie & Hongyin Tao. 2014. Teaching discourse pragmatics in the spoken mode: The case of Working with Spoken Chinese.  Linguistics and CSL Teaching and Learning: Theories and Practices in the Training of Pragmatic Abilities, 144–162, Hong Kong: The Commercial Press.

 

Su, Danjie. 2010. Web resources for teaching and learning Chinese as a second language. In Pu Zhang, Jihua Song, and Juan Xu, eds., Technology-Based Teaching of Chinese as a Foreign Language Practice and Reflection. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press.

 

Lu, Jianming & Danjie Su. 2010. Teaching Chinese characters, sound system, lexicon, and grammar to second language learners online. In Pu Zhang, Jihua Song, and Juan Xu, eds., Technology-Based Teaching of Chinese as a Foreign Language Practice and Reflection, 12–20. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press. 

 

Su, Danjie & Jinglian Gao. 2010. Multimedia web resources for learning Chinese characters. In Yan Yuan and John Jing-hua Yin, eds., Chinese as a Foreign Language Teaching Practice and Reflections, 431–434. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.

 
BOOK REVIEWS:
 
Su, Danjie. 2017. Book review: The Oxford Handbook of Chinese Linguistics, edited by Wang, William S-Y. and Chaofen Sun, Studies in Language, 41(4).
 
Su, Danjie. 2014. Book review: Request Strategies: A Comparative Study in Mandarin Chinese and Korean, by Rue & Zhang. Language and Linguistics, 15(4). 597–600.

 

Su, Danjie. 2011. Book review: An International Dictionary of Chinese Neologisms, by Benjamin K. Tsou and Rujie You. Chinese Language and Discourse 2(2). 301–306.

 

Su, Danjie. 2009. Book review: Using Chinese Synonyms, by Grace Qiao Zhang. Geolinguistics (Journal of the American Society of Geolinguistics), 35.124–128.

 
 

Dissertation

Su, Danjie. 2017. A Discourse Approach to the Functions of Major Chinese Grammatical Constructions and Their Alternations in Conversation. Los Angeles: CA: University of California, Los Angeles Ph.D. dissertation.

 

Abstracts of Recent Papers

Su, Danjie. 2017Significance as a lens: Understanding the Mandarin ba construction through Discourse Adjacent AlternationJournal of Pragmatics 117. 204–230.

ISSN 0378-2166, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2017.06.019. 

Download the full text in PDF

Highlights

• Lens is speakers’ subjective evaluation of reality, especially their attitudes toward an event.

• The significance lens marks an event highly consequential, challenging, or important.

• Mandarin ba-construction is a significance marker.

• Discourse adjacent alternation method can reveal functions of grammatical constructions.

• Pragmatic factors in linguistic choice-making during social interaction.

Abstract: Given alternative grammatical options, how do native speakers make the choice in a given communicative context? Drawing data from 300 videotaped conversations (100 h; one-million words), this study is the first to use a discourse adjacent alternation method to investigate how real-life speakers in a single conversation use alternative grammatical constructions to describe the same event. This study proposes the concept of LENS as a new aspect of linguistic construal. Lens refers to speakers’ subjective evaluation of reality, especially their attitudes toward an event. This study finds that SIGNIFICANCE is a lens that evaluates an event as being highly consequential, challenging, or important. The elusive ba-construction in Mandarin is a linguistic device for the construe of significance: The ba-construction prototypically marks a transitive event as a significant consequence, contribution, or action, which is highly consequential, highly challenging, or highly important. The findings raise questions as to what linguistic devices are used in other languages to construe significance and what devices are used to construe other lenses in Mandarin and in other languages. This study reveals an association of linguistic markedness with discourse-level choices among paradigmatic oppositions in social interaction and suggests that syntactic markedness and semantic complexity correlate with discourse significance. The findings shed light on the pragmatic factors in linguistic choice-making during social interaction.

Highlights
• Lens is speakers’ subjective evaluation of reality, especially their attitudes toward an event.
• The significance lens marks an event highly consequential, challenging, or important.
• Mandarin ba-construction is a significance marker.
• Discourse adjacent alternation method can reveal functions of grammatical constructions.
• Pragmatic factors in linguistic choice-making during social interaction.

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Su, Danjie. 2016. Grammar emerges through reuse and modification of prior utterancesDiscourse Studies 18(3). 330353.

Download the full text in PDF


Abstract: Given the growing consensus that grammar emerges as language is used in social interaction, how grammar emerges through interaction still remains much unknown. This study demonstrates that the beginnings of the emergence of constructions can be found in individual interactions. Through an investigation on videotaped English conversations and corpora using discourse analysis, conversation analysis, and corpus linguistic methodologies, I find that conversational participants have a tendency as high as 80% or more to reuse words in prior turns. I argue that reuse as the mechanism of resonance motivation, and modification as the mechanism of relevance motivation work competitively and conjointly, shaping the emergence of grammatical structures of a language. Reuses lead to formation of the fixed frame; modifications form the category for an open slot. In summary, grammar emerges through interaction among participants who are constantly reusing and modifying prior utterances to achieve current interactive goals.

 Appendix 

Video of dataset #1     Video of dataset #2    Video of dataset #3

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Su, Danjie. 2017. Semantics and chunking in written and conversational discourses: A corpus study of two near-synonymous words in Mandarin. Chinese Language and Discourse 8(1). 50–93.
 

Abstract: Although much has been written about the differences between written and conversational discourses, less work has been done on how these two discourse types differ in terms of chunking patterns. This study investigates the different meanings and chunking patterns two words have in Mandarin written and conversational discourses. To overcome the problem of comparability between written and conversational corpora, instead of using a single word, I use two near-synonymous Mandarin words, zhihou and yihou, both of which mean roughly ‘after’ or ‘later,’ and compare their meaning and chunking patterns in written and spoken corpora. Our investigation regarding semantic distinctions revealed that in both writing and conversation, zhihou favors past and yihou favors future, and that in writing but not in conversation zhihou is more often used with immediate high transitivity actions and causal relations, whereas yihou is more often used with low transitivity states. Regarding chunking patterns, whereas conversation preserves different stages of chunking, written discourse mainly has the final clear-cut stage. This study demonstrates the importance of grounding grammatical investigations on discourse types and of the possible usefulness of using near-synonymous words or grammatical constructions as a way of getting round the problem of comparability.

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Lee, Heeju, Danjie Su & Hongyin Tao. 2017. A crosslinguistic study of some extended uses of what-based interrogative expressions in Chinese, English, and KoreanChinese Language and Discourse 8(2). 137–174.
 

Abstract: Interrogative pronouns such as what in English, shenme in Mandarin Chinese, and mwe/mwusun in Korean all have developed extended uses beyond interrogation. Such uses may include filling a gap in conversation, softening a speaker’s epistemic stance, and indicating strong emotions such as surprises or incredulity. Yet there is little research dealing with crosslinguistic patterns with large corpora of interactive discourse data. In this paper, we investigate the extended uses based on corpora of multiple telephone calls from the three languages. We show that eight categories of extended use can be identified in the corpora and that most of the extended uses tend to fall in the negative territory. We provide a pragmatic interactive account for this phenomenon and hope that the taxonomy and coding scheme developed here can serve as a starting point for future crosslinguistic and corpus-based comparative studies of what-like tokens as well as of the discourse pragmatic uses of other interrogative forms. 

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Su, Danjie & Hongyin Tao. 2014. Teaching discourse pragmatics in the spoken mode: The case of Working with Spoken ChineseLinguistics and CSL Teaching and Learning: Theories and Practices in the Training of Pragmatic Abilities. Hong Kong: The Commercial Press, 144162. 
 

AbstractDiscourse pragmatics as conceived here has to do with social, cultural, and interactive properties important for conducting interpersonal communication. While these properties have long been recognized by the research community, very little, especially in the case of Chinese, has been done to incorporate them into language teaching. This paper takes a published project- Working with Spoken Chinese- as a sample to show what discourse pragmatic properties can be observed in natural conversation and how they can be transformed into concrete materials and activities for classroom instruction and self-study.    

 

关于构式语法的中文论文

苏丹洁 [Su, Danjie]. 2012. 构式是一条语块链——构式语块分析法的理论框架. [Construction as a chain of chunks: Theoretical framework of the Construction-Chunking Approach]. 《语言科学》[Linguistic Sciences] 58(3). 241–253.

苏丹洁. 2012.   构式是一条语块链——构式语块分析法的理论框架  . 《语言科学》总第58期,第3期,页241–253。

 

苏丹洁 [Su, Danjie]. 2012. 取消“兼语句”之说——构式语块法的新分析 [Rethinking the jiānyǔ sentence patterns in Mandarin: Insight from the Construction-Chunking Approach].《语言研究》[Studies in Language and Linguistics] 32(2). 100–107.

苏丹洁. 2012. 取消"兼语句"之说——构式语块法的新分析. 《语言研究》总第32期,第2期,页100–107。

 

苏丹洁 [Su, Danjie]. 2012. 语块是构式和词项的中介——以现代汉语“V起NP来”为例 [Chunks as a pivotal unit between constructions and words: The case of “V qǐ NP lái” patterns in Mandarin].《中山大学学报》 (社会科学版) [Journal of Sun Yat-sen University (Social Science Edition)] 52(1). 69–77.

苏丹洁. 2012. 语块是构式和词项的中介——以现代汉语“V起NP来”为例. 《中山大学学报》(社会科学版)总第52期,第1期,页69–77。

 

苏丹洁 [Su, Danjie]. 2011. 构式语块教学法的实质——以兼语句教学及实验为例 [The essence of the Construction-Chunking Approach: An empirical study on teaching the Chinese jiānyǔ sentence patterns].《语言教学与研究》[Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies] 148(2).16–22.

苏丹洁. 2011. 构式语块教学法的实质——以兼语句教学及实验为例. 《语言教学与研究》 总第148期,第2期,页16–22。

 

苏丹洁 [Su, Danjie], 陆俭明 [Jianming Lu]. 2010. “构式-语块”句法分析法和教学法. [The Construction-Chunking Approach for syntactic analysis and second language teaching].《世界汉语教学》[Journal of Chinese Teaching in the World] 24(4). 557–567.

苏丹洁、陆俭明. 2010. “构式-语块”句法分析法和教学法. 《世界汉语教学》总第24期,第4期,页557–567。

 

苏丹洁 [Su, Danjie]. 2010. 试析“构式-语块”教学法——以存现句教学实验为例 [On the Construction-Chunking Approach: An experimental study on teaching Chinese existential sentence patterns as an example].《汉语学习》 [Journal of Learning Chinese Language as a Second Language] 176(2). 83–90.

苏丹洁. 2010. 试析“构式-语块”教学法——以存现句教学实验为例.《汉语学习》总第176期,第2期,页83–90

 

Invited Talks

Su, Danjie. Discourse-based Language Teaching Focusing on Authentic Materials and Interaction. University of Kentucky, Department of Modern and Classical Languages, Literatures & Cultures. Lexington, Jan. 24, 2017.

Su, Danjie. Same event, different perspectives: Functions of Chinese grammatical structures and implications for language teaching. University of Washington, Department of Asian Languages & Literature. Seattle, Feb. 12, 2016.


Su, Danjie. A new approach to teaching Chinese sentence grammar to second language learners. School of Chinese as a Second Language, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, June 03, 2011.

(Keynote) Lu, Jianming and Danjie Su. Online teaching of Chinese characters, sound system, lexicon, and grammar to second language learners. 7th International Conference on New Technologies in Teaching and Learning Chinese, Ludong University, Yantai, July 2010.

(Keynote) Su, Danjie and Jianming Lu. Two thoughts on researching and teaching Chinese grammar. 6th International Conference on Teaching and Learning Chinese as a Second Language. Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, Oct. 2009.

 

Conference Presentations

Su, Danjie. Incorporating authentic conversation in second language syllabus design: a case study of an elementary Chinese course at UCLA. 2015 Annual Convention of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) & Annual Meeting of Chinese Language Teachers Association (CLTA). San Diego, November 20-22, 2015.

 

Su, Danjie. Same event, different perspectives: A study of grammar and ideology with videotaped Mandarin conversational data, 21st Annual Conference on Language, Interaction, and Social Organization. University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, May 30-31, 2015.

 

Su, Danjie. Ba-construction, bei-passives, and unmarked passives in Mandarin conversation. 27th North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics. UCLA, Los Angeles, April 3-5, 2015.

 

Lee, Heeju, Danjie Su and Hongyin Tao, Non-interrogative uses of shenme in Mandarin conversation. 27th North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics. UCLA, Los Angeles, April 3-5, 2015.

 

Lee, Heeju, Danjie Su and Hongyin Tao. A crosslinguistic study of some extended uses of what-based interrogative expressions in Chinese, English, and Korean.  2nd Conference of the American Pragmatics Association. UCLA, Los Angeles, Oct.17-19, 2014.

 

Su, Danjie. Syntactic Alternation in Mandarin Conversation: Ba-conctructions, bei-passives, unmarked passives, and resultatives. 2nd Conference of the American Pragmatics Association. UCLA, Los Angeles, Oct.17-19, 2014.

 

Su, Danjie. Authenticity in second language assessment. 7th National Chinese Language Conference. Los Angeles, May 8-10, 2014.

 

Su, Danjie. Reuse and transformation in conversational repetition. 20th Annual Conference on Language, Interaction, and Culture. UCLA, Los Angeles, May1-3, 2014.

 

Su, Danjie. A corpus-based study of two near-synonymous time expressions zhihou and yihou in Mandarin. 20th Workshop on East Asian Linguistics. UCLA, Los Angeles, April 4-5, 2014.

 

Su, Danjie. Authenticity in second language assessment. ACTFL 2013 Annual Convention & Annual Meeting of Chinese Language Teachers Association (CLTA). Orlando, Nov 22-24, 2013.

 

Su, Danjie. A multimodal approach to repetition in Mandarin conversation. 19th Workshop on East Asian Linguistics. UCLA, Los Angeles, March 29-30, 2013.

 

Su, Danjie. Rethinking the jianyu sentence patterns in Mandarin. 1st Academic Forum of Chinese Language Teachers. Jinan University, Guangzhou & Zhuhai, Aug.15-19, 2011.

 

Su, Danjie and Nguyen Thi Dieu Ngoc. A comparison of existential sentences in Vietnamese and Mandarin. Conference of International Chinese Second Language Teaching Resources. Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, June 2011.

 

Su, Danjie. Meaning of the Mandarin ba-construction. 19th Annual Conference of the International Association of Chinese Linguistics (IACL-19). Nankai University, Tianjin, June 2011.

 

Su, Danjie. Developing teaching resources for Chinese language learning websites: The case of StepsofChinese.com. Seminar on the Development of International Chinese Teaching Resources. Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Dec., 2010.

 

Su, Danjie. The framework of the Construction-Chunking Approach. International Conference on Mandarin Chinese Grammar-Commemorating the 90th Anniversary of the Birth of Professor Dexi Zhu and the 50th Anniversary of Professor Jianming Lu’s Teaching. Peking University. Beijing, Aug., 2010.

 

Su, Danjie and Jinglian Gao. Developing multimedia web resources for learning Chinese characters. 8th International Conference on Chinese Language Pedagogy. Yunnan University, Kunming, July 2010.

 

Su, Danjie. Web resources for teaching Chinese as a second language. 7th International Conference on New Technologies in TCSL. Ludong University, Yantai, July 2010.

 

Su, Danjie. Chunks as a pivotal unit between constructions and words: The case of the V qi NP lai patterns in Mandarin. 18th Annual Conference of the International Association of Chinese Linguistics (IACL-18) in conjunction with the 22nd North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics (NACCL-22). Harvard University, Boston, May 2010.

 

Su, Danjie. The V qi NP lai patterns in Mandarin: A Construction Grammar account. 5th International Conference on Contemporary Chinese Grammar. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, Nov., 2009.

 

Su, Danjie. An empirical study of teaching the Chinese jianyu sentence patterns. 2nd International Academic Forum on Chinese Language. Jinan University, Guangzhou, Nov., 2009.

 

Su, Danjie. The Construction-Chunking Approach. 1st Seminar of Tsinghua University on Teaching Chinese as a Second Language. Tsinghua University, Beijing, Aug., 2009.

 

Su, Danjie. Second language learners’ acquisition of Chinese existential sentences. 7th International Conference on Teaching Chinese as a Second Language. Guangxi Normal University, Guilin, Aug. 2009.

 

Su, Danjie. Construction Grammar and chunking. 17th Annual Conference of the International Association of Chinese Linguistics (IACL-17). The French School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS), Paris, July 2009.

 

Su, Danjie. The Construction-Chunking Approach: An empirical study of teaching Chinese existential sentences. 1st National Symposium on Formulaic Language Teaching and Research. University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, May 2009.

 

Su, Danjie. Web resources for teaching and learning Chinese as a second language. Seminar of Chinese Teaching in Different Settings. Beijing Normal University, Zhuhai, Dec., 2008.

 

Su, Danjie. Chunk-shadowing: Lexical teaching strategy in intermediate Chinese listening class. 9th Graduate Student Seminar on Chinese Linguistics and Literature by Sun Yat-sen University and Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Jan., 2008.

 

Editorial Services

Founding Co-Editor (Volumes 1, 2, &3):

Guoji Hanyu [World Chinese Language Journal]

 

Reviewed manuscripts for the following peer-reviewed journals: 

Journal of Pragmatics

Pragmatics

 Language, Culture and Curriculum

Chinese as a Second Language Research 

Discourse, Context & Media 

Language & Communication

Pragmatics & Cognition 

Lingua

Corpora

Ampersand 

Yuyan Kexue [Linguistic Sciences]

Journal of Asian Pacific Communication